Texas Instruments Buys National Semiconductor
Apr 4, 2011 - 4:05:10 PM
Texas Instruments has agreed to buy National Semiconductor in an all-cash deal for $6.5 Billion. The transaction is expected to close before the end of 2011. After the deal is completed, the new, larger Texas Instruments will show analog components as 1/2 their revenue. Texas Instruments expects to recoup the money put into this deal within only three years. The deal will require regulatory approval in both the USA and Europe. In all, about ten countries must approve the deal.
National claims that it was not looking to be acquired. Texas Instruments was looking to expand their analog portfolio quickly and aggressively, without taking the time to build new products. TI was therefore seeking an acquisition target. National Semiconductor was the best opportunity to expand because of National's size and also non-overlap of TI's existing product lines. However, National Semiconductor's sales have declined since 2006, from $2.16 Billion in FY 2006 to $1.4 Billion FY 2010 (from FY2009 to FY2010, net sales declined 23%)
Texas Instruments has seen aggressive growth. During 2010, TI's revenue grew 34%. Analog grew 42% and embedded processing, which includes DSPs, the MSP430 and ARM products, grew 41%.
The New Texas Instruments
Texas Instruments has three main business units - Analog, Digital Signal Processor (DSP) and Wireless. National Semiconductor's product lines will be placed into a new, fourth business unit under the management of Gregg Lowe, TI's existing Senior VP of the Analog Business Unit. TI maintains that for the time being, National's headquarters will remain in Santa Clara, California.
By the end of the first year, about $100M in redundant operations will be eliminated (layoffs). These will be non-scalable functions such as high-level corporate functions, IT, support, and sales and will most probably be from National Semiconductor's payroll. TI claims that there are no redundant R&D functions.
In the end, like all buyouts of this type, customers will need to see only one brand. Eventually, all of National Semiconductor's products will be labelled Texas Instruments.
National has about 12,000 analog components in their product line, while TI has about 30,000. According to both companies, these product lines do not compete as much as they compliment each other because of different product specs. National, for example, is strong in analog power management, while TI is stronger in analog communications. National has an impressive product line of low cost low speed high resolution data converters, while TI has focused instead on more expensive high speed high resolution data converters. National is much stronger than TI in the Industrial segment.
According to Texas Instruments, the analog semiconductor market is $42 Billion yearly. TI has 14% of that market at $6 Billion. Analog Devices, TI's corporate rival in analog and DSP semiconductors, owns 6% of the analog semiconductor market with $2.5 Billion in 2010 sales. National Semiconductor controls 3.3% at $1.4 Billion 2010 sales.
National Semiconductor has been focused on analog semiconductors. National Semiconductor produces the once-popular 8-bit COP8 microcontroller which presently maintains a very small market share. With this acquisition, TI will now have a broad microcontroller product portfolio from National's 8-bit COP8, to the TI 16-bit MSP430, and leading to their 32-bit ARM Cortex product line. 32-bit microcontroller sales builds on 8-bit microcontroller success, so the deal will benefit all these microcontroller product lines.
Texas Instruments has the world's largest semiconductor sales force, ten times that of National's. This provides National with tremendous potential to expand their products into new markets. In the United States, both TI and National share the same two major distributors, Avnet and Arrow. National Semiconductor also has Future, which TI does not share. Each company also sells through a network of smaller local distributors as well as local sales representatives. Who stays and who goes will be driven by whatever is the best choice to drive growth.
Initially, fast sales may be generated by the integration of approved vendor lists (AVLs).
National Semiconductor's three wafer fabs, located in Maine, Scotland, and Malaysia, will now be operated by Texas Instruments. These fabs operated at a disappointing 58% capacity in the last quarter, down from 68% of the previous quarter.
According to Texas Instruments, the market for analog semiconductors in 2010 was US $42 Billion, with TI owning the leading share of the market with $6.0 Billion (14%). National Semiconductor's revenue for calendar year 2010 was $1.6 Billion, or just 3% of the analog semiconductor market. The semiconductor industry sees an average growth rate of 8% annually and TI's short terms goal is to get the National product lines growing at that rate.
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Texas Instruments Buys National Semiconductor